Climate Change Remains a Hot Topic

Posted on November 1, 2016 by

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One of the most important issues in politics and science right now is that of climate change. It seems like everyone has a slightly different opinion, but the facts do seem to outweigh the skepticism.

Over the last hundred years, the global average temperature has risen 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit. As of July 2016, each of the last 15 months have been the hottest on record.

Results of this have been drastic. There have been changes in rainfall, which have led to more floods and droughts. There have also been more frequent and severe heat waves. In addition, oceans are warming and becoming more acidic, ice caps are melting, and, therefore, sea levels are rising. As it gets warmer, these changes are becoming more pronounced.

A record of Earth’s climate has been made by scientists in order to determine past shifts in weather and climate. It does show that Earth’s climate periodically shifts, but most of the shift since the Industrial Revolution has been as a result of human activity, as opposed to natural changes beforehand.

The biggest cause of climate change is the greenhouse gas effect. Greenhouse gases, such as water vapor, carbon dioxide, and methane, trap heat in the atmosphere, and increased emissions of these gases increase the temperature on the Earth.

There are various other climate and environmental issues, including pollution and deforestation.  Different people have different opinions on what is the most important environmental issue, as well as the causes of climate change.

“Climate change isn’t due to man, it has more to do with natural causes,” science teacher Mrs. Karen Favata said.