This Week in History: Oct. 27- Nov. 2

Posted on October 27, 2013 by

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October 27
1682- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was founded.
1775- The United States Navy was formed.
1858- Theodore Roosevelt was born.
1919- United States Congress signed The Volstead Act.
2012- Forty-six people were killed and one 123 injured in Iraq after a series of attacks and bombs.

October 28
1492- Christopher Columbus discovered Cuba and claimed it for Spain.
1858- Macy’s Department store opened in New York City.
1922- Benito Mussolini took control of Italy’s government.
1962- Cuban missile crisis ended after United States president John F. Kennedy and Russian negotiator Nikita Khrushchev made a public and secret agreement.
1970- The United States and USSR signed an agreement to discuss joint space efforts.
2012- Syrian ceasefire collapsed and 128 people were killed in ongoing civil war violence.

October 29
1618- English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh was beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England.
1682- William Penn landed at what is now Chester, Pennsylvania.
1969- Supreme Court ordered to end all school desegregation “at once.”
2012- Hurricane Sandy made landfall in New Jersey, resulting in 110 deaths and $50 billion in damage, forcing the New York stock exchange to close.

October 30
1270- The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis ended by agreement between Charles I of Sicily (brother to King Louis IX of France, who died months earlier) and the sultan of Tunis.
1451- Christopher Columbus was born on, or just before, this date.
1944- Anne Frank (of Diary fame) was deported from Auschwitz to Belsen.
1954- U.S. Armed Forces ended segregation of races.
1974- Muhammad Ali knocked out George Foreman in 8th round in Kinshasa Zaire during their famed “Rumble in the Jungle” bout.

October 31
834- First All Hallows Eve (Halloween) observed to honor the saints.
1517- Martin Luther posted ninety-three theses on Wittenberg church, leading to the Protestant Reformation.
1864- Nevada was admitted as 36th state.
1952- The first thermonuclear bomb was detonated in the Marshall Islands.
2011- The world population reached seven billion inhabitants according to the United Nations.

November 1
1512- Michelangelo’s paintings on the ceiling of Sistine Chapel in Vatican, Italy, first exhibited.
1800- John Adams became the first United States president to live in the White House.
1814- Congress of Vienna opened to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars.
1866- The first Civil Rights Bill passed.
1940- The first United States air raid shelter was built in Fleetwood, Pennsylvania.

November 2
1648- Twelve thousand Jews were massacred by Chmielnicki hordes in Narol Podlia.
1783- General George Washington bid farewell to his army after the American Revolutionary War.
1944- Auschwitz began gassing inmates.
1966- The Cuban Adjustment Act was enforced, allowing 123,000 Cubans the opportunity to apply for permanent residence in the United States.
2000- The first crew arrived at the International Space Station.

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