This Week in History (Jan. 24 to Jan. 30)

Posted on January 24, 2014 by

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January 24

41 – Claudius succeeds his nephew Caligula as Roman Emperor after his assassination by Praetorian Guards
1679 – King Charles II disbands English parliament
1901 – First games played in baseball’s American League
1927 – Director Alfred Hitchcock releases his first film, The Pleasure Garden, in England
1962 – Jackie Robinson is first black player elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1972 – Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II
1984 – Apple Computer Inc. unveils its revolutionary Macintosh personal computer

January 25

1327 – King Edward III accedes to the English throne
1787 – Shays’ Rebellion suffers a setback when debt-ridden farmers, led by Capt. Daniel Shays, fail to capture an arsenal at Springfield, Mass
1924 – First Winter Olympic Games open in Chamonix, France
1961 – First live, nationally-televised presidential news conference (JFK)
1969 – US/North Vietnamese peace talks begin in Paris
1981 – 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US

January 26

1837 – Michigan admitted as 26th US state
1934 – Nazi Germany and Poland sign non-attack treaty for 10 years
1942 – First US force in Europe during WW II goes ashore in Northern Ireland
1957 – India annexes Kashmir
1992 – Americans with Disabilities Act goes into effect

January 27

1302 – Dante becomes a Florentine political exile
1825 – U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the “Trail of Tears”
1870 – After accepting the 15th amendment, VA, is readmitted to Union
1944 – Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days, with 600,000 killed
1945 – Russia liberates Auschwitz  Birkenau Concentration Camp (Poland)
1967 – Apollo 1 fire kills astronauts Grissom, White, and Chaffee
1973 – US and Vietnam sign cease-fire, ending longest US war and military draft

January 28

1099 – First Crusaders begin siege of Hosn-el-Akrad, Syria
1855 – The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway
1932 – Japan occupies Shanghai
2011 – Hundreds of thousands of protesters fill the Egyptian streets against the Mubarak regime in demonstrations referred to as the “Friday of Anger”

January 29

1613 – Galileo observes Neptune but fails to recognize what he sees
1845 – Edgar Allen Poe’s “Raven” first published (NYC)
1916 – First bombings of Paris by German Zeppelins take place
1920 – Walt Disney starts first job as an artist at $40 week with KC Slide Co
1964 – Unmanned Apollo 1 Saturn launch test attains Earth orbit
1978 – Sweden outlaws aerosol sprays due to their harmful effect on the ozone layer, becoming the first nation to enact such a ban
1991 – Nelson Mandela and Mangosuthu Buthelezi meet after 28 years

January 30

1847 – Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
1862 – US Navy’s first ironclad warship (Monitor) launched
1941 – Australian troops conquer Derna Libya
1948 – Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse
1956 – Martin Luther King, Jr.’s home bombed
1968 – Vietcong launch Tet Offensive on US embassy in Saigon
1972 – Bloody Sunday: British soldiers shoot on Catholics in Londonderry; thirteen die.
2000 – Off the coast of Ivory Coast, Kenya Airways Flight 431 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, killing 169

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