This Week in History: April 20-26

Posted on April 18, 2014 by

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April 20

1775 – British begin siege of Boston (Revolutionary War).
1809 – Napoleon I defeats Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria.
1836 – Territory of Wisconsin created.
2010 – Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion kills 11 and causes rig to sink, initiating a massive oil discharge in the Gulf of Mexico.

April 21

753 BC – Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional date).
1789 – John Adams sworn in as first US Vice President (9 days before Washington).
1898 – The Spanish American War officially begins.
1918 – World War I: German fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen, known as “The Red Baron,” is shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France.
1945 – World War II: Russian army arrives at outskirts of Berlin.
1975 – Last South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns after 10 years.
1989 – Thousands of Chinese crowd into Beijing’s Tiananmen Square; cheering students demand greater political freedom.

April 22

1509 – Henry VIII ascends to throne of England.
1876 – Tchaikovsky completes his “Swan Lake” ballet.
1898 – U.S. President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors.
1981 – More than $3.3 million is stolen in the largest US bank robbery (Tucson, Arizona).
1993 – Holocaust Memorial Museum dedicated in Washington, D.C.

April 23

1597 – William Shakespeare’s “The Merry Wives of Windsor” is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance.
1861 – Robert E. Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces.
1949 – Chinese Red Army conquerors Nanjing.
1969 – Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death for killing Bobby Kennedy.
1995 – President Clinton declares a national day of mourning for Oklahoma City.

April 24

1184 BC – The Greeks enter Troy using the Trojan Horse.
1907 – Hershey Park, founded by Milton S. Hershey for the exclusive use of his employees, is opened.
1961 – JFK accepts “sole responsibility” following Bay of Pigs.
1990 – The 66th U.S. manned space mission STS 31 (Discovery 10) launches into orbit.
2013 – 256 people are killed and 1,000 are injured after a building collapses in Savar Upazila, Bangladesh.

April 25

1792 – The guillotine is first used, with the first victim being highwayman Nicolas J Pelletier.
1862 – Union captures New Orleans, LA, under Flag Officer Farragut.
1905 – Whites win right to vote in South Africa.
1945 – World War Two: Russian army completely surrounds Berlin.
1971 – About 200,000 anti-Vietnam War protesters march on Washington.

April 26

1514 – Copernicus makes his first observations of Saturn.
1721 – Smallpox vaccination first administrated.
1982 – Argentina surrenders to Britain on S. Georgia, near Falkland Island.
1986 – The fourth reactor explodes in Chernobyl, USSR, killing 31 and resulting in the worst nuclear disaster in history.

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